Refugees 101

Many of NFGM’s supporters are well aware of the refugee situation around the world. But, if you’ve just come across this site, or have been wanting to learn more about refugees, this article will give basic information about the topic.

What is a refugee?

A refugee is a person who has been forced to leave their home country due to conflict or persecution and has been officially granted the status “refugee” in another nation. He/she is usually afraid to return home for fear of his/her life. Once they are officially recorded as “refugees”, they are protected by international law and cannot be forced to go back to the country where their freedom or life would be at risk.

What is an asylum seeker?

An asylum seeker is someone who has left their country to flee conflict or persecution and is applying to be granted refugee status in another. An asylum seeker has not been provided the title “refugee” yet and is in the process of seeking international protection.

What are internally displaced peoples (IDPs)?

Internally displaced peoples have had to leave their place of residence to flee conflict or persecution but have not left their country to seek refuge in another. They are provided protection by their own government in another part of their country of origin.

DID YOU KNOW?

  • 4 million people worldwide were forcibly displaced
  • 86% of refugees are hosted in developing countries
  • 4 million refugees, around half are under 18 years of age
  • Roughly 1% are selected for resettlement
  • Some refugees will live the rest of their lives in refugee camps

Sources:

https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/09/16/refugees-101#

https://www.unhcr.org

https://refugeeeducationcenter.org/refugees-at-a-glance

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